Responding to an r/writing post on Technology vs. Magic in fiction:
I would parlay that technology is rooted in external phenomena, reliant on devices and treated materials (implants, things with moving or calculating parts), whereas ‘magic’ is a group of phenomena that is evoked through ‘will’, and channeled through treated materials that are not as intricately (but just as carefully) built (amulets, wands, Rings, Swords, etc.)
But at root it comes down to the terms that are used in describing the supra-normal powers and effects. The more hazy and metaphorical the language, the more it is perceived as ‘magic’, the more specific and technical the language, the more it is seen as ‘technology.’
Philosophically, technology is developed and deployed through Socratic and Aristotelian methods, whereas Magic is Sophistic. The former seeks to banish metaphor, the later seeks to master and refine it.